Key issues for employment and skills development
Increased need for both skills upgrading and new skills that fuel industry competitiveness
Modern sector: enhancement of its competitiveness on global markets
Traditional/rural sector: implemention of anti-poverty programmes focused on job creation and skills development to support rural livelihoods
→ since the educational and training institutions mostly target the modern sector, the poor have little access to skills development
Lack of jobs → Industrialisation proceeds tend to move higher up the value chain and become more capital-intensive. As a result, the most successful trading countries are now creating jobs far more slowly.
Lack of effective employment service
Free Trade Agreement → creates jobs, promotes growth and development etc.
Persistence of poverty → Provide the poor with basic levels of skills that are certified so they can be used effectively in the labor market. In addition, creating jobs for the unemployed can be achieved through helping employed people to up-skill and be promoted into higher qualified jobs in what has been called the "ventilation" of the labor market. Skills development activities in this context refer to life-skills based-education, capacity-building in social sectors such as health, and training of disadvantaged groups in primary sectors such as agriculture, and entrepreneurship.
Hollowness in the industrial structure
Migration and mobility → increased skills portability